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[原创申请加分] Ltd与LLC的区别,别再说什么LLC才是正统了。

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发表于 2017-4-16 11:29:45 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 game.Ltd 于 2017-4-16 14:51 编辑

首先说下分布:

欧亚基本都是用Ltd没有LLC,美国70%LLC,然后20%Ltd

下面我们来解释一下什么是LLC,以及为什么中国的公司基本都用Ltd而不是LLC

在美国,的确是LLC占主流约70%,那是因为这个主要就是针对个人以及少数合伙人公司设立的。一旦有股东会加入,则必须是Ltd,所以Ltd占约20%,大一点的公司都是Ltd。当然,更大的,比如超越了阿里巴巴规模的,苹果,他们因为需要全球避税,会采取更复杂的形式Inc,但全球Inc的个数很少,都是超级集团。

中国的有限公司为什么叫Ltd而不是LLC呢?因为虽然翻译都是有限责任公司,但是,它们各自的“责任”不是一个意思。LLC是比较松散的基本不以股东股份形式组成的公司,它所对应的“有限责任”,主要是指在美国税收上面的纳税义务的“责任”。而Ltd的有限责任,则是我们中国所采用的,就是股东对于公司行为的法律上的”有限责任“,因为Ltd本身是一个独立的法人,是独立的纳税个体,和个人税务分开的。


有兴趣的各位,请看一下英文原文,解释Ltd和LLC之间的区别,其实在美国,LLC是个更灵活松散的结构,更接近与我们国内的个体户或者少数几个人合伙人的公司的性质。

Ltd vs LLC

In business, one would often see the terms ‘Ltd’ or ‘LLC’ attached to company names. But what are these really? And how are they significant to the nature of an enterprise? Essentially, these two are types of companies. The Ltd, which stands for private limited company, has shareholders with limited liability and its shares may not be offered to the general public. The LLC or limited liability company, also known as with limited liability (WLL), provides limited liability to its owners and follows pass-through income taxation. They may sound very confusing because of the limitedness they emphasize on. But despite the slight similarity in name, they are very much different from one another and render their own set of advantages and disadvantages. Three main provisions distinguish one type from the other. One is the liability owners have in the company’s transgression, another is how they are taxed, and lastly the number of shareholders allowed.

An Ltd is a type of company widely incorporated under the many Commonwealth countries. In as much as liability is concerned, shareholder responsibility for company debt is limited to the amount he/she has invested in the company. A shareholder’s personal assets are protected in the event of the company’s insolvency, but money invested in the company will be lost. The company pays its own tax on profits and gains as a separate entity from its owners and shareholders. As already mentioned, its shares may be lawfully offered only to a select few, especially co-founders. Theoretically, Limited Companies are formed with both an authorized share capital (the total number of shares existing in the company multiplied by the nominal value of each share) and an issued share capital (the total number of all issued shares multiplied by the nominal value of each). Furthermore, un-issued shares can be issued at any time by the directors subject to prior authorization by the shareholders. Shares in a private company are usually transferred by private agreement between the seller and the buyer.

Limited liability in LCC means that the owners, called “members,” are protected from some or all liability for acts and debts of the LLC depending on shield laws. It is a flexible type of business that combines some characteristics of partnership and corporate structures. Although considered as a business entity, it is a type of unincorporated association and is not a corporation. It shares some characteristics with a corporation in terms of limited liability, and with a partnership in terms of the availability of pass-through income taxation. Often, it is well-suited for companies with a single owner and also preferred by small business entities. It practically has the advantage of limited personal liability and a choice of how the business will be taxed. An LCC can be taxed as a sole proprietor, partnership, S corporation or C corporation. Partners can choose for the LLC to be taxed as a separate entity or as a partnership-like entity in which profits are passed through to partners and taxed on their personal income tax returns. Unlike an Ltd, an LLC has a flexible ownership structure. This means it can operate with just one owner or multiple members coming both from internal and public circles.

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参与人数 1 西米 +4 收起 理由
闫家畜 + 4 很好的笑话,不错

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西部数码爱米人社区,争做最受米农欢迎的交流平台!
发表于 2017-4-16 12:05:27 | 显示全部楼层
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西部数码爱米人社区,争做最受米农欢迎的交流平台!
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发表于 2017-4-16 13:00:09 | 显示全部楼层
西部数码爱米人社区,争做最受米农欢迎的交流平台!
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 楼主| 发表于 2017-4-16 14:55:02 | 显示全部楼层
攻击Ltd的人也算是煞费苦心了。当一个个论点都被击败之后,又有人搬出来说什么LLC才是有限公司的意思,呵呵,辛苦他们了。
西部数码爱米人社区,争做最受米农欢迎的交流平台!
发表于 2017-4-16 20:19:34 | 显示全部楼层
西部数码爱米人社区,争做最受米农欢迎的交流平台!
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发表于 2017-4-17 09:37:53 | 显示全部楼层
西部数码爱米人社区,争做最受米农欢迎的交流平台!
 楼主| 发表于 2017-4-20 15:20:47 来自手机 | 显示全部楼层
西部数码爱米人社区,争做最受米农欢迎的交流平台!
发表于 2017-4-20 19:13:04 | 显示全部楼层
西部数码爱米人社区,争做最受米农欢迎的交流平台!
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